Causes & Treatment of Back Pain
While lower back pain is one of the most common medical complaints, the good news is, most episodes of back pain can be resolved with timely treatment. The key to proper back pain treatment is determining the cause of the pain. Back Pain
Causes of Back Pain
Some of the more common causes of back pain include:
Ruptured Disc: Also called a herniated disc, ruptured disc is a common factor that causes back pain.
Muscle Strain: Lumbar muscle strain is another common cause of pain in the lower back. The trigger could be something so trivial that it may even go unnoticed by the patience.
Discogenic Back Pain: Discogenic back pain results from injury to the intervertabral disc but without the disc herniation. A discrogram may be required for the proper diagnosis of discogenic back pain.
Lumbar Spine Arthritis: Lumbar spine arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects the small joints of the spine and causes back pain with movement.
Osteoporosis: Bones that are weakened due to osteoporosis can cause compression fractures of the vertebra, which can cause back pain.
Spinal Stenosis: More commonly seen in the elderly, spinal stenosis refers to the constriction of the spinal canal, which could be caused by arthritis or other factors. The pain that results is due to the tightening of the spinal canal.
Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis is brought on primarily by degenerative changes that cause the vertebra to become unstable and slip. Back pain becomes a problem when the spine becomes too unstable.
Back Pain Treatment
There is no one “Cure-All” for back problems; proper back pain therapy depends upon the cause and duration of the pain as well as the severity of the symptoms.
Rest: Resting the spine so as to avoid further irritation to the spine as well as the muscles that surround the spinal column, is the primary step for the treatment of any type of back injury.
Heat Application: Applying a heat pack helps alleviate the discomfort brought on by muscle spasms. Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications, in the form of over the counter as well as prescriptions NSAIDs offer tremendous back pain relief and also help control the associated inflammation.
Back Pain Exercises: Lower back pain exercises are an essential aspect of any back pain therapy. In addition to increasing the strength and flexibility of the back muscles, back exercise also helps distribute the weight better, thus placing less force on the spine.
Physical Therapy: While back pain exercises form the core of physical therapy, sometimes other modalities such as ultrasound, aqua therapy or electrical stimulation may be used, when the exercises alone do not help.
Back Surgery: Back surgery is usually only resorted to when conservative back pain treatment fails to alleviate the symptoms.
Owl Now Urgent Care is a part of the Parker Medical Complex. We also have Chiropractors on site at Lakeland Spine Center.