Pneumonia

Understanding The Different Types of Pneumonia Types And The Risk Factors

Coughing Man Having ExaminationBacteria, fungi or viruses can cause an infection in one or both the lungs. Pneumonia treatment should be given as soon as possible so that it does not become serious. While many people recover from it quickly, it can be life threatening in certain instances.

At Owl Now Urgent Care, we provide emergency treatment as soon as there are any signs of illness. Our professional care givers will ensure that you are given excellent care and treatment. Call Owl Now Urgent Care to schedule your appointment today.

Types of Pneumonia

There are different types of this infection that can affect people. They are:

Viral Pneumonia

Viral pneumonia often targets young children and elderly people. It is usually not too serious and targets people who suffer from respiratory ailments. This type lasts for a short time and recovery is quick. However, a bad flu along with the virus can be very severe and even fatal at times. Pregnant women and people with heart issues need to take extra care since the virus could lead to severe complications in these areas.

Bacterial Pneumonia

This type most commonly develops after getting the flu or a bad cold. It is a very common form of the infection and anyone can get it. Bacterial or bronchial pneumonia is often caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. In some cases, it may also be caused by Legionella pneumophila or by Chlamydophila pneumonia. People who have very weak immune systems or those who suffer from diseases that affect the immunity system (like AIDS) may catch Pneumocystis jirovecipneumonia in rare cases.

Mycoplasma Pneumonia

Mycoplasma organisms have traits of both bacteria and viruses even though they are neither of them. You usually see mild signs of pneumonia in this case, often in young children or old people.

Others

Immune-compromised individuals can fall prey to other forms of this infection as well. Pneumocystis carinii and tuberculosis could affect people with a low immunity. In fact, PCP is a common sign of AIDS.Causes and Risk Factors

Even though any person may suffer from this illness and there is no way to be immune from it, there are certain factors that could increase the risk of you getting it.

• Drug abuse is one risk factor. Smoking as well as consumption of alcohol in excess are also factors.
• It often affects infants from new-borns till the time they are two. It is also affects those who are above the age of 65.
• Those who have suffered a stroke, are bedridden or who have difficulty swallowing can develop the infection while they are in this condition.
• Some medical conditions may also increase the risk. For example, patients suffering from problems like asthma, diabetes or heart failure could be more prone to getting it.
• Those with a weakened immune system are most likely to be at the risk of getting pneumonia. People with HIV, AIDS or Cancer as well as those who are on steroids or heavy medication for similar problems could also catch the infection.