Urinary Tract Infections and How to Prevent Them
Urinary tract infections or bladder infections can happen to nearly anyone, at any time. Though they are considered to be more common in women than men, almost everyone, at some point in their lives, may have to contend with a urinary tract or bladder pain. This article addresses some of the more common bladder infection symptoms and how to prevent one from happening.
At Owl Now Urgent Care, we provide professional help and treatment for Urinary track infections in adults and children. Call our office today for quick, effective relief from your UTI symptoms.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection, sometimes referred to as a UTI, is a moderately painful condition that is often preceded by pelvic pain, dark-colored urine, frequent need to urinate, and strong-smelling or foul-smelling urine. Inability to fully empty the bladder may exacerbate this problem in women and the elderly.
The patient may also experience painful urination, as well as a feeling of heaviness within the bladder.
There are different types of urinary tract infections, and sometimes the infection may also affect the bladder.
This form of infection is known as cystitis. Other types of infections of the bladder and urinary tract may also be caused by urethritis, which occurs most commonly in women and can be spread by sexual intercourse, and pyelonephritis, which can spread and cause symptoms of kidney infection.
Pyelonephritis can cause moderate to severe pain in the area of the kidneys in the lower to middle back, and can be extremely dangerous for the elderly or anyone who has kidney trouble. In extreme cases, this may also cause delirium and extreme confusion in some patients.
Elderly patients may be especially prone to urinary incontinence and kidney infections, as the kidneys being more susceptible to infection due to age and lack of mobility or physical activity. Because urinary tract infections sometimes aren’t reported by elderly patients as often as they may be in younger people, it is important that doctors diagnose and treat UTIs in the elderly as soon as possible, as any infection may exacerbate not only other infections, but dementia as well.
Urinary and bladder infections can best be avoided by getting into a habit of urinating every two to three hours. Drinking water more frequently is advisable as it helps fill the bladder and encourage urination. Water also reduces pain and swelling within the urethra when urination occurs, thus making urination easier.
Avoiding sugary or caffeinated drinks such as teas, coffees and all sodas is highly recommended.
Cranberry juices and cranberry pulp products have been proven to help to fight the infection, as well as clear up or prevent a bladder or urinary tract infection.
Cleanliness after urination is very important, as many urinary tract or bladder infections may occur when bacteria enters the urethra through physical contact, either from post-urination or sexual contact.
Depending upon the severity of the infection, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics for uti, which can either be taken orally (pill or liquid) or applied topically.